Educational institutions pose challenging social configurations while the curriculum content presents varying difficulty levels for the student. Achievement emotion is vital for the progression of learners in any educational task because of the inherent uncertainty, complexity, and ambivalence. In the cognitive function of each individual learner, emotional variables offer a vital system to evaluate preparedness and readiness for learning. There are emotional dispositions that augment better learning preparedness and readiness, while other emotional states score weak learner preparedness for institutional engagement and learning (Heffer & Willoughby, 2017). At the college level, there is a normal distribution among learners in their spectrum of learning readiness and preparedness for instructional engagement. Determining the relevant research praxis is a useful preliminary win in suitably orienting the research to establish correct correlations between the achievement emotions and academic excellence, and in this research endeavor, adequate care is taken to establish suitable correlation schemas. Research approaches in achievement emotion have traditionally compounded many aspects of learner environment, including peer-to-peer emotional engagement. Nonetheless, recent advancements highlight considerable fragmentation.Continue reading
Slavery of the African Americans may have the status of having been the most horrible economic relations history has ever witnessed. Still, its social consequences over the years, even after the Emancipation, have become even more daunting. Houston Hartsfield framed it even grotesquely, that “The colored people did not know how to be free, and the white people did not know how to have a free colored person about them.” Even in the aftermath of Emancipation, distrust, violence, and horrid conditions remained the common plight of the freedmen. A lot of reconstruction work went into bridging the gaps and making race relations normal for many years with no avail. The Civil Rights Movement led by Rev. Martin Luther King in the 1960s at least made considerable progress, but among poor African American populations, discrimination and racial prejudice remain the hallmark of their American experience. In underscoring the plight of the freedmen, it is important to highlight the bleak institutional systems and the legal frameworks as well as the economic circumstances of the freedmen.Continue reading
Society is characterized by disruptive technologies, and the leading among them are Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning, and Blockchain. It is expected that once the full potentials of supercomputing is achieved through ongoing research, a major shift in society will result because the computing power will perform amazing tasks with great simplicity and ease (Bughin et al., 2019). Machine learning enables diverse robotic and mechanical automation to be executed. Machines can be exposed to routine encounters using a massive amount of data to learn how to execute intelligent motion. Machine learning and artificial intelligence enable many hybrid and innovative functions to be inbuilt in automatic processes like in the vending machines and autonomous vehicles. Artificial intelligence and Machine learning are currently the most disruptive technologies in society because they have created massive automation in diverse fields and have supported the erection of computing systems in research where human capacity and operations would be severely limited. Giga factories with large-scale robotic and automated machine operations depend effectively on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.Continue reading
Human interactions occur within a culturally defined environment and language only gets meaning to people through cultural lenses. First interactions are often characterized by abstract meanings and vague symbolism because background differences, particularly between cultures, can pervade effective concord (Faulkner 11). Both James Longenbach and Silvia Curbelo’s poems are full of abstractions that symbolize diverse interpretations that people can derive from everyday experiences seen from a strange eye view. The two poems, “Orphic Night” and “Fall,” written by Longenbach and Curbelo, respectively, open our eyes to new abstractions that can be drawn from familiar everyday events. For instance, the falling snow may be a familiar experience but may also solicit very diverse interpretations and meanings for people from a different culture or location where falling snow is hardly experienced. The two poets give a poetic touch to experiences people are familiar with, which creates a completely new experience and feeling about them like a first interaction.Continue reading
Democracy is under the new threat of new surveillance state and in many nations across the globe; surveillance methods have permeated official government security functions. The emergence of new digital technology and the digital economy has shifted the typology of both government functions and private corporations seeking to promote their products. The convergence of the interests of corporations and the state on data has threatened the traditional constitutional safeguards of individual privacy to a bare minimum. In theory, both government and the corporate sector increasingly need private data from people to advance their varied interests. For the state, the needs for offering adequate security surveillance has clearly tilted the typology towards excessive data tapping from smartphones and other handy gadgets. The process of governance and business transactions in the new lifestyle depends entirely on the availability of data to support the new economic model and with it the need for extensive data privileges to the public domain.
Surveillance capitalism has become inevitable because the economic model itself depends on data, and although it promises greater business efficiency and greater ease of governance, the cost in terms of private data symphonic could be terrifying. As the digital economy becomes the mainstream, the convergence of many technologies will inevitably deprive everyone the privileges of autonomy and personal privacy because massive databases equipped with artificial intelligence (AI) and other analytic functions will effectively compare data sets and group credentials giving each one a perfect portrayal. Moreover, biometric identification technology that has been at the forefront of public policy globally will augment data sets yielding an astounding complete personal identification on diverse platforms. Moreover, global positioning technology embedded in different handy gadgets will enable state agencies to tag individual identities to a location, thus making it possible for the interaction with local networked business environments, functions, and organizations.
A trove of location data obtained in a recent expose indicates the extent to which surveillance state has trampled on the rights of Americans. Attendance to a political function and everyday movement yield massive data about the individual, which ends up in the hands of the state and political entities. Such technologies can trace the movement of individuals from political events back to their homes and workplace yielding considerable risks when such data sets may land in the wrong hands of agencies seeking to use them for political manipulation like in the last case of Facebook and Cambridge Analytica. Cloud computing facilities warehouse massive data derived from diverse surveillance systems tapping face recognition, geographical positioning, and intrinsic data about ones financial and social engagements. As the debate on privacy laws drag with the Federal Trade Commission, the surveillance capitalists are tapping tons of private information from Americans, which will not be undone.
Technically, the digital economy will only function optimally when all the pertinent data to transactions and lifestyle can be tapped and interpreted. Better monitoring functions, personalization and customizations as well as continuous experimentation functions will only achieve substantial pedigree when massive data is already tapped to construct prototypes of portrayals of individuals. Moreover, computer-aided transaction is a useful gateway through which very useful data is tapped already by the surveillance capitalists for diverse programming and artificial functions facilitation. Mobility also becomes a critical data component because without the capacity to tag personal credentials to location, other affiliated functions of commercial nature may be hard to solicit and advance. Moreover, the surveillance capitalism is a concept of total knowledge in the sense that the understanding of mobility goes deeper to the means of transportation, and other concerns, which help in public planning, budgeting, and controls.
Both private corporations and public sector institutions in law enforcement, social welfare, public transportation agencies and security firms need extensive data to be able to deploy critical security functions. Currently, the needs for rapid disaster preparedness and awareness require the gathering of real-time data about diverse geographical locations dealing with unique security threats and risks. Nevertheless, the risks become more severe when such extensive data lands in the work organizations and can be used for covert goals. The privileges of personal privacy have dwindled to a point people feel digitally controlled because as everyone devotes more time to their digital devices, they are surrendering more personal information daily to the surveillance capitalists, which end up being processed to tag them so a social score. Data may be useful to contain public problems like pandemics, epidemics, disaster response preparedness, and the control of crime. More data from individuals may help in the planning of health welfare programs, but such data also bear a critical risk when they are abused by organizations advancing political agenda against the will of the people beyond the democratic process.
In conclusion, state agencies need increasingly to tap all personal data for use in profiling which may help advance the public good through better security installations and support to the transaction process on the digital platforms. Private organizations also need such data because they use it to advance relevant business and economic functions embedded in the digital platforms. However, the main risk in the use of such data is that it goes against the constitutional privileges of the individual and may be used by individuals or organizations to further criminal goals. One thing is undeniable, that massive private information will naturally be available to the surveillance capitalists, and people increasingly surrender the data unknowingly through social media and insecure transaction platforms.
Gates, Kelly A. Our biometric future: Facial recognition technology and the culture of surveillance. Vol. 2. NYU Press, 2011.
Warzel, Charlie, and Stuart A. Thompson. “How Your Phone Betrays Democracy.” The Privacy Project. The New York Times, December 22, 2019.
Zuboff, Shoshana. “You Are Now Remotely Controlled: Surveillance Capitalists Control the Science and the Scientists, the Secrets and the Truth.” The New York Times. The New York Times, January 24, 2020.
. Zuboff, Shoshana. “You Are Now Remotely Controlled: Surveillance Capitalists Control the Science and the Scientists, the Secrets and the Truth.” The New York Times. The New York Times, January 24, 2020.
The African American community is a particularly unique social category because of the history of slavery and official subjugation over the years. Working with the community for advocacy and social change is a particular interest bearing in mind the impetus for change the community has expressed after the Obama Presidency, which made a great deal of effort to address the community’s critical concerns. In the contemporary scene, the community has diverse role models and institutional systems that promise robust progress and a future of greater integration and societal acceptability particularly in the aftermath of the George Floyd fiasco with the criminal justice system, which has been accused of excessive use of force and ethnic profiling over the years. Poverty causes many problems like criminality, reckless drug use, and many socially retrogressive conditions. Through advocacy and social change, human service professionals can work with communities to alleviate the problems of poverty gradually to initiate progress.Continue reading
The death penalty has been supported by the argument that it is a far better means of deterring criminal actions. However, the evidence does not attest to the practical value of the death penalty as opposed to alternative mechanisms like life imprisonment. In the United States, recently, the rates of crimes in states that use the death penalty and those that have it, historically shown no differences. Contrarily, the death penalty has been cited as an incitement to grievous criminal harm. The death penalty is challenged by the argument that espouses society’s duty to protect life and that individuals have a right to live.Continue reading
Salvation and damnation are words with opposite meanings. Salvation is the state of being restored or made new, and it involves getting rid of the old poor quality and becoming improved (Shamshiri 372). On the contrary, damnation is the state of being damned. It involves openly condemning a person to everlasting punishment in the future state (Shamshiri 372). William Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily is about a lady, Miss Emily Grierson, who lived her life isolation, but her funeral was attended by everyone in town (Faulkner 2). Ambrose Bierce’s An Occurrence at Owl is about Peyton Farquhar, who prepares to be executed and dreams of escape (Bierce 12). In both of these short stories, damnation comes before salvation. In a nutshell, this paper compares and contrasts the subjects of damnation and salvation in A Rose for Emily and An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.Continue reading
The internet and digital transition in the economy have had far more profound effects on not only health but also society as a whole. The internet has affected how physicians interact with patients, the access to health information and health products, as well as the management of health records to boost the understanding of diseases and the epidemiological responses to conditions (Tan & Goonawardene, 2017). The internet affects whole lifestyles, and increased automation of work, virtualization of work experience and digitization of communication have made it possible for many people to remain relatively sedentary and immobile. The internet has affected social interaction, and many people are lonely, which leads to depression and poor problem-solving abilities that aggravate wellbeing. Internet usage morbidity occurs along the spectrum of the alterations of lifestyle and socialization on virtual environments. In particular, social media leads to potentially injurious psychological and psychosocial adjustments.Continue reading
Edgar Poe was an American poet and literary critic whose body of works has been admired over many generations. The three poems selected in this analysis depict him not only as an icon of romanticism but also a keen poet whose characters show immense emotional and spiritual strength to overcome adversity and trying moments (Muhammad 4). Edgar’s literary career did not yield a comfortable life, and he was often in financial difficulty, which resonates with the themes of his poems. For instance, “Annabel Lee” is a sorrowful tribute to a loved one after her death, which many critics depict as Poe’s wife. The other poem, “The Raven” depicts a bleak fate of horror images and characters into the night, and the last poem, “A Dream within a Dream” is a 24 line poem that profusely exhibit disturbing emotions of loss and desolation. Based on the themes of romanticism and loss or the death of a loved one, Poe’s persona in the three poems resonates with horrific feelings that result from a melancholic isolation scary nightly comportment.Continue reading