Discuss the various factors that led to the establishment of British intelligence before the First World War.  How would you define or explain intelligence? Is it a process or a product?  Compare and contrast the intelligence cultures of two or more states.  Assess the significance of code-breaking (i.e. signals intelligence) during World War I. Did World War I mark the real beginning of modern intelligence? Compare the successes and failures of the intelligence services of two or more states during the Great War.