To paraphrase Karl Marx: Men and women make history, but they do not make it as they please. Hernandez and Beckert both write about the way that the Chinese in California and the working class in New York influenced the history of these regions. Even though the Chinese and the workers were not the victors in their respective conflicts, they did shape and influence identity, law and politics in various ways.

Discuss the influences they had, according to these two authors. How did these two groups leave their mark on history, even if they did not fully accomplish their goal