Illinois Senator Stephen Douglas’ motivation for the Kansas Nebraska Act was clear. He wanted to have Chicago selected as the eastern terminus of the first transcontinental railroad. His determination led to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the subsequent violence that plagued the territory, referred to in history as Bleeding Kansas. Watch a video of historians discussing the introduction of Abraham Lincoln and the Kansas-Nebraska Act and Make a video presentation about slavery. What was the significance of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?